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How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay of a Short Story?

To write a good critical analysis of a short story you first need to understand the question that has been stated in the assignment. Your analysis should be addressed to this question. Once you feel that you understand the main point, read the story again and do not forget to make some notes. After that you should look through all the notes you have made and consider what bonds you can make to the main question you stated. That would help you form your main claim, in other words – the thesis statement. To support your claim, you have to find pieces of evidence in the text of a short story and use them as the quotations in your body paragraphs.

Your introduction must include some of the main points, they are:

  • The names of the story and the author;
  • Short summary of the plot;
  • The aspect in the plot that relates to your claim;
  • Thesis statement.

Now you have to indicate the way you will develop your argument. The evidence that you have mentioned in your introduction paragraph should be discussed in the body paragraphs in the order you have mentioned them. Be sure to deal with each piece of evidence in the separate paragraph. Use a topic sentence in each unit and wrap it all up with a nice conclusion. Remember that the concluding sentence should sum the things up and lead the reader to the new piece of evidence that will be discussed in the next paragraph. Do not forget to use the quotes from the short story. That would support your ideas, while you will point out the passages and dialogues that show something important for the plot and the characters.

Do not be afraid to express your own views, be critical and feel free to judge the story. The analysis essay is where the opinions count. Therefore, if you think that the author conveyed the meaning consistently, feel free to say so. However, if the clarity is lacking or the meaning is lost in the places, you should mention that and explain why that is so.

Remember that a short story always includes the hidden message. The writer must decide what exactly this message is. Short stories mostly aim to evoke a certain emotional response on behalf of the reader. Generally, it includes a single main claim that should be identified by the reader. It is important to understand the point that the author of a short story was trying to make. Even if the analyzed story has multiply meanings, readers should choose the one that seems to be the most important and essential.

Like every analysis essay, the short story analysis should end with a conclusion that will restate your thesis statement, and also include a short restatement of the key evidence, as well as provide the sense of a closure. The best way to finalize the essay is to make a certain claim about the main idea of a short story and to suggest the way in which this idea you have discussed relates to some global aspects and themes.

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